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Artisanal and Small-scale mining.
Zimbabwe’s artisanal and small-scale mining sector has been on a roll, recording significant growth from the year 2017 up to date. Statistics availed by the Parliament of Zimbabwe indicate that by 2016, the SME sector accounted for 60% of the country’s labour force and contributed approximately 50% towards the country’s Gross Domestic Product. It is therefore apparent that the small-scale mining sector has become of great national significance.
STEPS OF OBTAINING A SMALL-SCALE MINING CLAIM IN ZIMBABWE
1.1 When a prospecting license holder has identified a mineral deposit that he/she is interested in, he/she appoints an agent or an approved prospector to peg on his behalf
1.2 The agent is required to physically peg by marking the deposit with a Discovery Peg. Need to post prospecting, discovery and registration notices on the ground. The notices must be posted in a conspicuous manner to alert other prospectors.
1.3 The agent is required to seek consent from the landowner of his intention to prospect. NB Consent is only sought from the landowner if prospecting on a farm less than 100 hectares, otherwise, the prospector is only required to inform the farm/ landowner in writing either by registered mail or deliver by hand.
1.4. All areas classified as not open to prospecting and pegging or reserved against prospecting and pegging cannot be pegged
1.5. Each prospecting license can peg up to a maximum of 10 claims at 1Ha each
1.6. An application for registration must be submitted to the Ministry of Mines and Mining Development offices. the application must have copies of the following attachments:
(a) Prospect licenses
(b) Prospecting Notice
(c) Discovery Notice
(d) Notification of intention to prospect to the landowner
(e) A map in triplicate to the scale of 1:25000
1.7 If the Provincial Mining Directors satisfied that all pegging procedures have been followed he shall issue a certificate of registration upon payment of a gazette fee.
1.8. Within three months from the date of registration,the miner is required to erect permanent beacons on the ground.
1.9. All precious mineral claims are supposed to be continuously worked on in order to obtain renewal of title. Claims have a 12 month tenure after which they shall expire or to be renewed.
1.10 Gold and other precious metal claims are inspected by production and capital expenditure.
1.11 Base metal claims can be protected by payment
1.12 If a mining claim is transferred or sold a Certificate of Registration after that a transfer shall be issued by the Ministry of Mines and Mining Development
1.13 failure to renew title will result in the forfeiture of a mining claim. furthermore, loss of title can be through cancellation or abandonment.
Gold remained one of the key minerals in Zimbabwe in 2017, accounting for 40% of mineral
exports, down from 47% in 2016. Statistics availed by the Chamber of Mines of Zimbabwe indicate
that the sector employed in excess of 25% of formal employment and over 300 000 in artisanal gold mining in 2017.
The Mineral platinum. Platinum is the rarest and most expensive of the popular precious metals. … Natural Platinum is fairly impure. It is always associated with small amounts of other elements such as iron, gold, copper, and nickel, and may also contain the rare metals iridium, osmium, rhodium, and palladium.
Zimbabwe has the 2nd largest high-grade chromium ores in the world after South Africa, with reserves of approximately 10 billion tonnes. Following gold, chrome miners are the second largest employers in the small-scale mining sector.